ERIK ERIKSON (1902-1994)
Erik Erikson was a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory about psychosocial advancement human beings.
Erikson assumed that procedure for human development occurred during one's life. He divided this process in 8 levels. Each level involves specific developmental jobs that are psychosocial and provides a certain optimal time, which means there is a coming back each activity. If these types of stages happen to be well-managed then the individual can gain psychological strength which supports them to efficiently go through the rest of the stages in every area of your life. However , if one does not do well it will endanger their future development.
Level One- Trust vs Midtrust (birth-1 year)
The child will establish an essential sense of trust of others and of one's individual trustworthiness. For instance , an infant who also gets provided when he can be hungry or comforted if he needs soothing will develop trust. However a feeling of mistrust is necessary to learn to discriminate between honest and dishonest people. If mistrust wins over trust throughout this stage then a child will lack self-esteem.
Stage Two- Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt (2-3 years)
During this period it is essential the child's parents create a encouraging atmosphere in which the child can produce a sense of self-control without a loss in self-esteem. Therefore it is important for child to receive confidence and to learn to become independent. This will make child getting confident in their own abilities as they grow older. If children are criticized or overly handled they begin to feel the need to rely upon others and lack self-pride.
Level Three- Initiative vs Remorse (3-5 years)
In this level the child develops a sense of responsibility which increases initiative. If the child is irresponsible they may develop a perception of...
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