Natural Semantic Metalanguage

 Natural Semantic Metalanguage Article

SEMANTICS

" Normal Semantic Metalanguage”

Group members:

Awliya Rahmi ( 0810731006 )

Citra Ayu Wardani ( 0810732056 )

Wingky Septia ( 0810732048 )

Nurfitria Sari ( 0810731014 )

Rini Anggraini

BRITISH DEPARTMENT

TEACHERS OF WORDS

ANDALAS COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY

PADANG

2010

INTRODUCTION

Applying language iss not just about knowledge of the text but as well what they suggest in cross-cultural communication. All-natural Semantic Metalnguage is a vocabulary which is used to spell out other language. In spite of that, it may be accustomed to describe not simply other dialects in general, but also themselves. It can be thought as kinds of semantic analysis procedure in finding the best meaning of the word.

This method states that we now have many aspects affect language and so they can not be segregated in inspecting the simplest that means of words. Those aspects are:

1 ) The difference of social communities

installment payments on your The systematical difference

several. The difference of culture

5. The different type of speaking and communication

Natural Semantic Metalanguage

Just before we go further, we should understand the definition of the word " metalanguage” as it might be fresh for some of us. Metalanguage may be the language which is used to present, brand and explain terminological data, the language of your particular discipline name in an entry, at the, g. " synonym" is the English name of the info field, made up of synonyms to main entry terms. To generate it less complicated, metalanguage is known as a language which you can use to describe different languages. Then, all of us already know that semantic is the analyze of which means in terminology. So , semantic metalanguage is usually theory and a practical, meaning-based approach to linguistic analysis.  The leading supporters of the theory are Anna Wierzbicka at the Australian Nationwide University who began the theory inside the early 1970s (Wierzbicka 1972), and Cliff Goddard at Australia'sUniversity of New England (Goddard & Wierzbicka 1994, 2002). It is called organic semantic metalanguage because it is made entirely coming from natural terminology and because it is usually understood by way of natural language without any extra arbitrary symptoms and conferences.

To assess meanings, you have to be able to express them. To state the meaning of any word, an expression or a building, we need a semantic metalanguage. Moreover, Organic Semantic Metalanguage ( NSM ) is important to evaluate meanings indicated in different dialect and different tradition.

Semantic Primitives

Linguists of the NSM school rely on semantic primitives (or semantic primes) for evaluation. Semantic primes means the suggestion that we have as part of our inherited human faculties a basic group of innate 'concepts', or perhaps even more precisely, a non-conscious propensity and enthusiasm to acquire all those concepts and encode these people in sound-forms (words). What that those ideas become encoded in what is definitely called semantic present, or on the other hand, semantic primitives — 'semantic' becauselinguists have given that expression in reference to this is of phrases (=linguistic symbols). Words that qualify while semantic primes need no explanation in terms of various other words. In this sense, they remain undefinable. We know their very own meaning without needing to define these people. They enable us to create other terms defined by them.

Set of Semantic Primes

The moment Wierzbicka and colleagues claim that DO, BECAUSE, and GREAT, for example , will be semantic present, the claim is usually that the meanings of such words are necessary for explicating the meanings of numerous other words and grammatical constructions, and that they are not able to themselves end up being explicated within a non-circular trend. The same applies to other examples of semantic primes such as: My spouse and i, YOU, AN INDIVIDUAL, SOMETHING, THIS, HAPPEN, APPROACH, KNOW, THINK, WANT, STATE, WHERE, WHEN, NOT, COULD BE, LIKE, KIND OF, PART OF. Notice that all these terms identify basic intuitively intelligible meanings which can be grounded in ordinary linguistic...

References: Lyin, John. 1995. Linguistic Semantics. Cambridge College or university Press.

Wierzbicka, Anna. 1991. Cross-Cultural Pragmatics: The Semantics of Individual Interaction. Berlin: Mouton sobre Gruyter.

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